There are some real challenges ahead for children working with fractions in Year 5. In the past this topic has been rather neglected for a variety of reasons, one of them being that teachers find it very hard to teach and tend to shy away from it.
However, in the new Maths Programme of Study there is a real emphasis on fractions and teachers are expected to teach comparing and ordering fractions, writing equivalent fractions, recognising mixed numbers and improper fractions as well as simple addition and subtraction of fractions with the same denominator and multiples of the same number.
Decimals are also included in this category and for the first time children will be expected to work with numbers up to three decimal places. Simple percentages are also introduced.
This might sound quite daunting, but we have just published new sets on adding, subtracting and multiplying fractions to add to our comprehensive collection of worksheets. With clear explanations and plenty of examples they are just the job to help with understanding this tricky subject.
Here is the new Year 5 Fractions Programme of Study (statutory requirements)
Fractions (including decimals and percentages)
Pupils should be taught to:
• compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
• identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths
• recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number (e.g. 2/5 + 4/5 = 6/5 = 1 and 1/5)
• add and subtract fractions with the same denominator and multiples of the same number
• multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams
• read and write decimal numbers as fractions (e.g. 0.71 = 71/100)
• recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents
• round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place
• read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places
• solve problems involving number up to three decimal places
• recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to “number of parts per hundred”, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator hundred, and as a decimal fraction
• solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of 1/2, 1/4, 1/5, 2/5, 4/5 and those with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25.
What’s new and comments
Plenty here, with a real emphasis on calculating using fractions and using thousandths.