Many people find subtraction much harder than addition, but in reality we can solve many subtraction problems by adding, or counting on, and this is one of the ways young children learn to subtract.
In year 1, children will learn to say the number that is one more or one less than another single digit number. They will quickly understand subtraction as ‘taking away’ and will find a difference by counting on. Once again plenty of practical help will be needed (cubes, counters, coins etc) to support the subtraction of one small number from another.
Knowing addition facts will allow them to work out subtraction (eg if 5 + 3 = 8, then 8 ? 5 = 3) and this relationship is vital for rapid progress to be made.
During the year children will learn some of the mathematical terms related to subtraction, such as take away, how many less, take from etc. By the end of the year they will be able to quickly count on and back in ones, twos, fives and tens as well as being able to record their work in writing, using simple number sentences.
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