The post Year 4: Money Problems appeared first on URBrainy.

]]>We continue our theme of ‘real life’ problem solving with two new sets of money worksheets for Year 4. These involve adding six amounts of money together to see how much a day’s shopping will cost. One is based around the beach and the other on garden centre products. These would be excellent activities on the whiteboard, discussing which order would be best to add up the items.

Go to Year 4 Reasoning/Problem Solving

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]]>Would you like to introduce algebra in a fun, jolly way? If so, take a look at our latest Year 4 pages on finding the missing values. Different ‘ratty characters’ have values which need to be worked out by dividing and then combining with other values to find the final solution. (Replace the rat image with an x or y and it magically becomes algebra!)

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]]>The post Year 4 Multiple exchanges when adding appeared first on URBrainy.

]]>Allowing children to try and explain what is happening is a crucial part of learning and we have just published an interesting addition problem which involves children trying to explain ‘multiple exchanges’. This happens in an addition question where the ones add up to ten and the tens add up to one hundred and the hundreds add up to one thousand – forming a sequence of multiple exchanges. If children can understand what is happening then it is a sure sign that they have a good grasp of addition.

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]]>Reasoning in Mathematics is the in-phrase at the moment and we have just published some great resources for Year 4 children. These concentrate on reasoning about number and working with thousands. When first encountering a new problem children need to make use of the knowledge they already have to help solve the problem. Our latest published set needs knowledge of rounding, whilst the working with thousands pages require logical thinking and working in a systematic way in order to reach a full answer.

Go to Year 4 Number and Place Value

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]]>The post Partitioning in Year 4 appeared first on URBrainy.

]]>Partitioning numbers is an important part of the new maths curriculum. In Year 4 children will be expected to partition numbers in the thousands into thousands, hundreds, tens and ones.

For example: 4 560 can be written as 456 tens; 45 hundreds and 6 tens; 4 thousands and 56 tens and so on.

Our latest sets of worksheets take a close look at partitioning and provide plenty of excellent practice.

Go to Year 4 Number and Place Value

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]]>The post Written Methods of Calculating in Year 4 appeared first on URBrainy.

]]>Once children have understood the formal written methods of calculating they still need plenty of practice in order to work quickly and accurately. Our latest sets of worksheets for Year 4 are ideal for this, keeping the numbers reasonably small and providing squared paper to work on. There are, of course, many more pages in our separate Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division categories.

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]]>The post Year 4 Addition appeared first on URBrainy.

]]>Our latest sets of addition worksheets for Year 4 really do show the relationship between addition and subtraction. We have two sets where the missing number in an addition sentence has to be found, which requires either subtraction or ‘counting on’. The third and fourth sets have missing digits rather than missing whole numbers, and are the sort of problems that the teaching for mastery approach suggests using.

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]]>The post Year 4 division tables appeared first on URBrainy.

]]>Whilst we are all used to the traditional way of learning times tables it is important to be able to rapidly adapt the known information to solve number problems. For example, children may learn that 7 x 6 = 42 but they should be just as quick in finding 42 ÷ 7 = ?

We have just published two sets of worksheets which concentrate on these ‘division tables’ and are an excellent test of how well children know the times tables.

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]]>We have an excellent collection of worksheets for Year 4 Statistics including tally charts, pictograms and bar charts and we have just published a tricky set on interpreting bar charts using negative numbers. This is not an explicit target for Year 4 although bar charts and negative numbers are separate targets, but this type of question has come up in the SATs with a Year 4 reference (S41).

Concentrating on temperatures in various cities around the world, the worksheets are excellent practice at working with negative numbers in a real-life context. For example: finding the difference in temperature between Oslo (3 degrees C) and Boston (-6 degrees C).

The bar charts themselves provide an excellent visual interpretation of the temperatures, much in the same way as bar modelling does as mentioned above.

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]]>The post Times Tables appeared first on URBrainy.

]]>Why learning times tables is important.

Knowing times tables is very important for children for many reasons. Perhaps the most obvious is that it saves time when calculating.

If a child has to count up in fives and count on fingers to know how many lots have been counted (i.e. 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30) it is going to take them a whole lot longer than knowing the answer ‘off by heart’. Knowing times tables up to at least 10 times 10 is an incredibly powerful tool and really does make maths easier.

Just as important is that the knowledge of times tables is needed to work out any written multiplication or division, whether the long or short method is used. Divide 39 by 7 for example. If we know that 5 times 7 is 35 then it is easy to see that 39 divided by 7 is 5 remainder 4. If we don’t know that 5 x 7 is 35 then the problem gets a whole lot harder. Not knowing these facts is a major reason why many children and indeed adults think that they are no good at maths and why division is one of the main problem areas in teaching maths.

The introduction to algebra also needs a good knowledge of times tables.

C = 6. What is 7C + 3? Easy if you know that 6 x 7 is 42. Just add another 3 to make 45.

What can I do to help?

Times tables will be taught at school, but every child works at a different rate. Some find learning facts by rote very easy, others really struggle. But there is a very limited time in school and much of the real work in learning tables will probably be done at home. Good old Mum and Dad!

How can they be learned? There are many different ways. Some believe that singing them really helps, others recite them, almost like a poem, whilst many children like to time themselves to see how quickly a table can be completed. Another option is a quick fire computer game and there is no reason why our maths games cannot be used. (You do need the Flash Player although we are hoping to bring out some new games in the near future which will not use the Flash Player.) All seem to have one thing in common – repetition. Even now in some classrooms the whole class recite a table; that was the way I first learnt them many, many years ago!

So what is the best thing to do in the short time available? Well, a great start will be to browse through the extensive collection of highly targeted worksheets that we have on the times tables. You will find each table written out in words, plenty of practice on individual tables as well as further work on mixed tables and even plenty of fun activities, all designed to help your child learn the times tables. All these pages can be found in the multiplication category of the year groups that the National Curriculum state that they should be learnt in:

Year 2: 2x, 5x and 10x tables

Year 3: 3x, 4x and 8x tables

Year 4: 6x, 7x, 9x, 11x and 12x tables.

But they can also be found as a complete collection in our category:

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