We have now launched a superb set of maths worksheets for Year 5 children, covering all aspects of maths at this age (9/10 yrs old). As there is so much to cover in this year group we have divided them up into categories and there is a brief summary of each category below:
Children are expected to deal with larger numbers, including reading thousands and millions, something which many adults have problems with! Number sequences still play an important role, including extending beyond zero, into negative numbers. Ratio and proportion are introduced and percentages are met for the first time. Another important aspect of learning is to relate fractions to decimal fractions.
All those quick mental skills learned in earlier years are reinforced and then extended to include mental addition of several small numbers, and adding 2 and 3 digit numbers. The standard written method of addition should be used with confidence by the end of the year.
There is still an emphasis on mental strategies for subtracting, including subtracting around the thousands boundary. However written subtraction plays an important part this year, with the standard method introduced.
Those times tables should have been learned last year, but there is still plenty of opportunity to polish them up. Once known, tables can then be used to mentally work out harder multiplications, such as multiplying by 12, 19 or 21. Again, written methods become more important, and children will begin to use the standard written method, including using decimals.
Success with division depends so much on good multiplication skills that it is vitally important that tables are known off by heart. With this knowledge children can develop further techniques for dividing ‘in their heads’ and on paper. They will be able to find fractions and percentages of numbers and divide 2-digit numbers by 1-digit using written methods.
We have pages on describing and classifying 2D and 3D shapes and some great pages on nets of shapes. Understanding co-ordinates play s in important part in year 5 as does symmetry, including reflections and translations. Acute and obtuse angles are introduced.
All the basic metric measures should be used with confidence in Year 5. Estimating and measuring continues to be practised and we have some great pages introducing perimeter and area. There are also some excellent pages on using the 24 hour clock to read time and interpret timetables.
The interpretation of graphs becomes more complex, including the use of line graphs. Probability is an important aspect of year 5 work and we have sets of pages on chance and likelihood of events happening.
By the end of the year children should be able to recognise which is the most appropriate method to use; mental, written or calculator. We also have plenty of pages on solving problems, including some interesting work on tests of divisibility and using binary trees.