Pupils should be taught to:
• read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs
• represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
• add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero
• solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 4 = ? – 5.
This is a rather brief account and does not really give justice to all the important concepts that will need to be covered during the year. Starting with adding on using objects and images to help, children will move on to using number lines to help before gaining a really good knowledge of addition facts such as 4 + 5.
These addition facts are just as important as knowing times tables in later years and will provide the foundation for much of the maths to follow. By the end of the year children should know these facts so well they will find it as easy as answering the question, “What is your name?”
Without knowing these facts children will find it almost impossible to make good progress in the future. That is why we have so many addition resources, including addition grids, ‘brainwhizzes’ etc. and indeed we have just added a further set which looks at adding two single digit numbers with totals above 10; such as 6 + 8.
If your child is finding maths hard don’t be afraid to go back to these resources as many children in Year 2 and above could well do with the practising 1-digit addition pages before trying to do mental arithmetic with harder numbers.