# Years 1, 2 and 3 Maths Mastery for Summer Term

Years 1, 2 and 3 Maths Mastery for Summer Term

Don’t forget that we already have an excellent range of support materials for the maths mastery approach for the summer term in Years 1, 2 and 3 which we have been adding to. These include:

Year 1**Year 1 Block 1: multiplication and division**

The really good news is that we have now added a great selection of on-screen activities for the multiplication and division block, giving children unlimited practice of key skills. We have also included some on-screen activities for number and place value.**Year 1 Block 2: fractions**

No need to panic as fractions in Year 1 is limited to understanding halves and quarters. At first children will explore shapes, dividing them into two equal parts and then moving on to small quantities or sets of objects. Plenty of practical work needed here.

Quarters are also introduced, again mainly in a practical way, sharing sets of objects into 4 equal parts, colouring a quarter of shapes etc.

We have included some great sets of worksheets giving children plenty of practice working with halves and quarters as well as later moving on to counting in halves.**Year 1 Block 3: position and direction**

With just one week children can make great progress, leading to describing position and movement including following simple routes. Every child should get the chance to play Snakes and Ladders. It is a superb game to help children understand terms such as ‘left’, ‘right’, ‘up’ and ‘down’ as well as counting on and back. Other terms such as ‘top’ and ‘bottom’ are also used to describe position.

Go to Year 1 Maths Mastery

Year 2

Yea**r 2 Block 1: position and direction**

Position and direction takes up three weeks of the summer term as children learn to describe movements including left and right turns and clockwise and anticlockwise turns.

A further aspect of this block of work is to make patterns with shapes, ordering and arranging shapes in sequences. We have included 15 sets of resources for this block.**Year 2 Block 2: problem solving**

We have a number of different kinds of problem solving activities for the Maths Mastery in Year 2. Firstly, there are the straightforward word questions, which at this age are usually just one step. It is always worth watching how children approach these questions. For example:

‘A bag of potatoes weighs 2 kg. How much would 6 bags of potatoes weigh?’

How a child answers will tell you a lot about their mathematical ability and confidence. Some children will use their knowledge of times tables (2 x 6 = 12). Some will write down 2 six times and add them up. Others will count in twos on their fingers.

2-step questions are also introduced and these are much harder, requiring two different calculations to reach the answer.

Other activities are more open ended, but just as worthwhile. These often involve ‘How many ways’ types of question. They require an orderly logical approach which young children only develop over time.

This is also true for the ‘magic square’ type questions where children will not reach the correct answer immediately but will need some ‘trial and improvement’ techniques.**Year 2 Block 3: time**

In Year 2 children are expected to read time to the half hour, to the quarter hour and eventually to 5 minutes. We have a great selection of worksheets to help with this as well as more on finding the duration of times using clock faces.

Go to Year 2 Maths Mastery

Year 3**Year 3 Block 1: fractions**

There is a three week slot for fractions in the summer term for Year 3, so there is a good deal to cover. Children coming into Year 3 should have a sound understanding of simple fractions, especially halves, quarters and thirds. They should have had plenty of practical experience dividing shapes and sets of objects into quarters and thirds but more time still needs to be spent on finding fractions of shapes and numbers.

Equivalence between fractions is developed with the help of pictures and diagrams. This leads on to ordering fractions with the same denominator. One of the quirks of fractions, which some children find hard to understand, is that as the denominator gets larger the size of the number gets smaller (e.g. one tenth is smaller than one fifth; one twentieth is smaller than one tenth and so on). We have some excellent ordering fractions pages for Year 3 to help consolidate this concept. As well as these, some of our most popular worksheets are the sets of finding fractions of numbers, with questions such as ‘What is one sixth of 30?’ Again, the link between fractions and division needs to be constantly reinforced.

As the term progresses children will be introduced to adding and subtracting fractions, but only with the same denominator and with totals up to one whole one. Simplifying fractions is important at this stage and children should be encouraged to write fractions in their simplest form. (e.g. two sixths can be simplified to one third).**Year 3 Block 2: time**

Again, a 3 week block on time, showing how important it is. Days of the week and months of the year need to be learned and by the end of the block children are expected to be able to read the time from an analogue clock to the nearest minute. These are, in themselves, major targets. Luckily, we have some great pages on both these topics.

Using a.m. and p.m. is also introduced in Year 3 and we have some excellent pages on converting a time shown using a.m. or p.m.

Children will also become familiar with the 24 hour clock. This means that reading the time on digital clocks has to be introduced. It is also important that children use the 24 hour clock correctly when writing the time (e.g. 8 a.m. is written as 08:00).

Fortunately, children have much better access to digital clocks than in the past, with most phones showing the time in this way.

We also have pages on solving simple problems involving time and working out how long it is between two times.

Go to Year 3 Maths Mastery